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Metal casting is one of the most deeply entrenched industrial activities in the Basque Country which accounts for 50% of the total production recorded in the Spanish State. According to a survey made by the Federation of Savings Banks of the Basque Country and Navarre, the production of castings represents approximately 4.3% of the gross production of the Basque manufacturing industry and 4.4% of the total workforce.

The afore-mentioned survey indicates that nearly two-thirds of the overall turnover of castings manufacturers are concentrated in a small number of sectors, fundamentally automobile manufacturers, industrial vehicles and valve equipment makers. It also points out that quality is a prominent feature of Basque companies in this sector and that this is particularly true of firms engaged in the production of castings for the automotive industry. Research and Development (R&D) activities, which represent 1.63% of Gross Added Value ex-works, are limited basically to a small number of companies that represent 11.1% of larger-size firms.

Furthermore, the report confirms the existence of adequate technological support infrastructures and that the foundries in this sector are highly considered on international markets where there is growing interest in their products. This survey also reflects a gradual decrease in the impact of production processes on the environment. 

According to data provided by the Spanish Federation of Foundry Associations (FEAF) on this sector, the production of castings during the year 2007 rose to 1,267,883 tonnes, of which 82% corresponded to iron castings, 11% to non ferrous products and the remaining 7% to steel castings. With regard to the major sectors in which these products are sold, the automotive and industrial vehicles sector is the largest consumer of these products, accounting for 60% of production, followed by valve makers with 13%. Exports represented 54.91% of the total production of 696,301 tonnes. 

According to data published by the FEAF, in the year 2007, there were 131 companies in this sector, employing 17,739 workers and with a turnover of 2,538 million Euros. 

Spanish Federation of Foundry Associations (FEAF) was formed by the union of the Foundries Association of the Basque Country and Navarre (AFV) and the Foundries Association of Catalonia (AFC) - the two regions that contain the largest concentrations of companies of this type. This association is made up of 54 iron foundries representing 53% of production, followed by 47 non ferrous foundries with 32% of production, while steel is represented by 30 companies with 15% of production. The Federation has its head offices in Bilbao and represents companies in 13 autonomous communities. It was founded in 1997 to offer the rest of the Spanish State the same services enjoyed by members of the AFV for more than 35 years.

The Board of Trustees is headed by the Inasmet Foundation which, together with its foundry division, is engaged in a large number of R&D projects at a national and international level, taking part is numerous international working committees.

The metallurgical research centre Azterlan, specialised in the foundry sector and currently engaged in consulting, development and start-up of foundries that are beginning to work in the wind power sector, is also a prominent member of the Federation.

Related Links
Spanish Federation of Foundry Associations


Fuente:Lehandakaritza - Secretaría General de Comunicación

Fecha de la última modificación: 21/01/2009